Hamlet’s Shakespeare Essay


How Does Shakespeare Convey the Complexities of the Human Conditions in Hamlet?

A complex human being is a person who possess extreme character traits. Their personality enables them to be manipulative, critical and creative thinkers, possess problem-solving skills, are able to adapt to change in situations, and tend to be idealists. These character traits may make one to be regarded as a complicated person due to his or her unpredictable nature. These human complexity conditions are used to achieve desired goals under specific situations. This paper will look into the Hamlet and show how Shakespeare conveys the complexities of the human condition.

According to Duggan (2008, p. 22) “Polonius describes loving passion to blood burning and likens the soul to a rebellious child that gives vows to the tongue. Those vows are spun to blazes that offer more light than heat and fade as fast as they were made”. Figurative language has been used to give a dramatic comparison of a human behavior to give a deeper description by comparison. The role of figurative language is to point out dramatic events in a comparative manner. The human complex is evident in the ability of human to make vows through the word of mouth but with little or no commitment to their vow. This is through the description of these vows to more light than heat and the quick end of the vows. The human complex character tends to make decisions depending on the situation at hand, for instance, the vows were made out of a loving passion desire which ends as soon as the objective of the vows are met.

Shakespeare’s Hamlet conveys a sad tone. This is evident from the several events that led to the deaths of several characters in the play, for instance the death of Hamlet’s father, the tragic death of Polonius, the death of Claudius, Ophelia’s tragic death, and the death of Hamlet. At some point Claudius asks Hamlet his nephew why he is taking the death of his father so hard by choosing to wear black to mourn his father, to which he answers: “I am greatly in the sun” (Sobran, 2009). Hamlet conveys the human complexity by his inability to accept the death of his father by mourning him for a long period of time and by planning to avenge his death by any means necessary.

The character of Claudius in the Hamlet has been portrayed to be manipulative and intelligent. He used these traits to assume power to which he successfully managed to achieve. However, for him to continue be King, he had to kill Hamlet. He is more concerned with power uses every opportunity to get it. He is portrayed to have weak morals, lustful, corrupt and greedy (Shakespeare & Bevington, 2014).  The complexity of Claudius character shows the human condition in that he is ready to kill his close family members to for earthly desires. His manipulative nature makes him a dangerous human being that is ready to trade his soul and family for earthly possessions.

In conclusion, the complexities of the human condition in the Hamlet shows their ability to make vows with little or no commitment once the primary goal is achieved. There is a sad tone in the Hamlet due to the numerous tragic deaths of the characters in the play. The character of Claudius shows the human complexity condition to achieve their desires regardless of the implications.


Duggan, T. J. (2008). Hamlet. Prufrock Press Inc.

Shakespeare, W. & Bevington, D. (2014). The Necessary Shakespeare.  New York.: Pearson.


Sobran, J. (2009). Hamlet. Marshall Cavendish.

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