Describe the psychological motivational approach to curriculum development you will use to shape the curriculum design, providing a rationale for your selected approach that is consistent with the core instructional goals of the planned curriculum.

  • Click the link above to submit your assignment. Students, please view the “Submit a Clickable Rubric Assignment” in the Student Center.Instructors, training on how to grade is within the Instructor Center. Scenario for Assignments 1-3
      Assume that you are the curriculum designer for a school district. The school board has requested that several teams develop proposals for new curricula to meet newly established state standards. You and your team must develop the first proposal to provide as a pilot or model for the other teams. You have to first identify a specific curriculum area not currently used in the school district that would greatly benefit the students in the district. Use the Internet or the Strayer Library as well as your textbook to develop a pilot curriculum for a specific discipline area (reading, math, science, etc.) or grade level (K-12) at a local school district.
    Assignment 2: Curriculum Foundations
     Due Week 6 and worth 300 points
    Refer to the Scenario for Assignments 1-3. Build on the same pilot curriculum you identified in Assignment 1 for this assignment.
    Write a six to seven (6-7) page paper in which you:
    1. Summarize the following aspects of Assignment 1: 
      1. Describe the specific curriculum area and grade level(s) for the pilot curriculum
      2. Provide four (4) core instructional goals for the curriculum.
    2. Describe the approach to curriculum development (i.e., behavior, systems, humanistic) you will use to shape curriculum design, providing a rationale for your selected approach that is consistent with the core instructional goals of the planned curriculum.
    3. Describe the philosophical / theoretical approach to curriculum development (idealism, realism, etc.) you will use to shape the curriculum design, providing a rationale for your selected philosophy that is consistent with the core instructional goals of the planned curriculum.
    4. Describe the psychological motivational approach to curriculum development you will use to shape the curriculum design, providing a rationale for your selected approach that is consistent with the core instructional goals of the planned curriculum.
    5. Discuss one (1) cultural influence that has the greatest impact on the school district and provide a rationale for the impact it has on the district. 
    6. Recommend at least one (1) effective way to integrate the cultural influence into the planned curriculum that is consistent with the core instructional goals of the planned curriculum.
    7. Develop a strategy for incorporating critical thinking skills (appropriate to grade level) into the planned curriculum using Bloom’s Taxonomy of Cognitive Objectives.
    8. Provide a rationale for your strategy that is consistent with the core instructional goals of the planned curriculum. (Note: A brief description of Bloom’s Taxonomy may be found at Center for Teaching and Learning located at
    9. Use at least six (6) relevant, scholarly references published in the last seven (7) years (three [3] new in addition to the three [3] identified in Assignment 1). (Note: Wikipedia and other non-government Websites do not qualify as scholarly resources. Review the supplementary readings list on the first page of the course guide for possible references.)
    10. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
    • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
    • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
    • The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
    • Identify the key elements of curriculum design and development.
    • Compare the philosophical foundations of curriculum.
    • Consider how psychological foundations play a role in the development of curriculum.
    • Analyze the relationship of social foundations to K-12 curriculum.
    • Develop the strategies and techniques to support curriculum planning.
    • Design curriculum plan for a current or future school setting.
    • Use technology and information resources to research issues in curriculum planning.
    • Write clearly and concisely about curriculum design and development using proper writing mechanics.
    • Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the paper, and language and writing skills, using the following rubric.
      Click here to view the grading rubric.


Curriculum Inception [for the School District of Philadelphia]

School District of Philadelphia

Geographical Location

The School District of Philadelphia is

the of largest public school district[s] in the United States. This district has control over 214 schools in the city and enrollment has soared to over 200,000 students. Its highest number of schools is found in elementary classrooms with 149 schools, High school has about 49 schools and middle school has 16. Philadelphia also has charter schools that independently run themselves but will report to the Philadelphia School District. 

Demographics of Student Population and Cultural Influences

Currently[,] 200,000 students are enrolled in the Philadelphia School District. Throughout the district, Spanish speakers are the most significant group speaking another language other than English. More than half of the number of students in the district speak Spanish in the district.  [There are] 107 languages are spoken by students in the variety of grade levels, and schools. The other languages include Arabic, Mandarin Chinese, Vietnamese, Russian, Khmer, Creoles and many more. 

State Policies and Practices Related to Curriculum Development

There are various state policies designed to improve curriculum development;<Dele semicolon.> such as a curriculum audit; a curriculum audit assists the school district in establishing if the curriculum in place [is] aligned to the objectives of the [states] and if the curriculum is adopted in a class by the teachers (Partelow & Shapiro, 2018). The curriculum is vital to the education that the students receive[;] hence, establishing what and when they are taught is essential, in the sense that a curriculum that is of high quality will positively reflect on the student. This policy is on the same page as evaluating the effectiveness of the curriculum and not just alignment, which helps in the development of the best curriculum. 

Specific Discipline and Grade Level for Pilot Curriculum

The discipline for the pilot curriculum is the K-12 Science Education, which is a broad discipline and exciting at the same time. It is essential to understand that the science curriculum Science education goes with instruction, assessment and teacher development. Science education is the field in education that is involved with sharing of science process and content with individuals, mostly students that are not considered to be part of the science community. In this case, the learners might be college students, children or adults that[TML2]  are among the general population. The science education field encompasses works in science process that is the scientific method, science content, teaching pedagogy and social science. There are standards for science education that provide the basis for the development of proper understanding for the students the entire K-12 education course and other levels of education. The conventional subjects in the standards are life, physical, earth human sciences and space. 

K-12 [is] the level that this pilot curriculum is focusing on it is also essential to describe it, K-12 is a used educational technology and education in Canada and the United States in addition to other countries (Rouse, 2019). It is somehow a short form for the school grades that are publicly supported that come before college. The publicly-supported grades include the (K) that stands for Kindergarten and the twelve grades that go from 1st to 12th grade (1-12). Whereby after the 12th grade follows is,<Delete comma> college and hypothetically speaking the first year of college would be the 13th grade if [TML3] this system was to extend to college. Also, something to note is that modern information technology is provided at the K-12 level in our communities that use the K-12 model.

For this particular assignment, just choose 1-2 grade levels but not Pre-K to 12th. You will be designing a lesson plan in Week 9 so you have to be specific with this lesson plan or you will be designing for all grade levels.

Rationale [t]hat Proposes Three [B]enefits to [t]he Students

The alignment of the framework of this K-12 curriculum, there are other aspects outside the curriculum, that could be considered and at the same time not addressed in the framework. [TML4] Through the elements of the science curriculum, there are specific areas such as discussion and reflection, which are part of the curriculum. Through this aspect’s students can come and establish the fact that scientific inquiry encompasses some values. These values will then benefit them in future even if they are applied in a scientific field, for instance;

Respect for the Importance of Logical thinking; this is an aspect that is spread through the science units. Through the experiments and historical evaluations of the branches of science. Logical thinking it is something that is required for nay individuals, which is a good thing that this curriculum can develop this at the K-12 grade level while the students are still young.

Open-mindedness[:] this is a crucial factor in our current society with the various issue with gender, politics and other societal topics. Hence[,] the development of such skills through the curriculum will be necessary for the students, as they will develop this from the class to real life situations such as when they join college, and suddenly everything is not the same.

Honest report findings[:] this is another beneficial aspect that the students can get from the science curriculum. In the sense that in some way, it will develop individuals with integrity, which is a vital factor for the next generation as a lack of integrity is what ails our current age.

The science-education curriculum is supposed to consider the students, mainly because the curriculum in place is not sufficient for their development through the K-12 grade level. Hence the above three benefits are some of the benefits the students will get from the pilot-curriculum program. [TML5] 

Benefits: Proficient 80-89% B 24.28   points

Four Instructional Goals of the Curriculum

Albert Einstein said education has the goal “to produces independently thinking and acting Individuals.”[TML6]  Science education, on the other hand, has the aim to produce capable individuals [who] evaluate and understand information that is or claims to be scientific and therefore creating motivated and skills future scientists in every field (Forman et al. 2015). The curriculum was based on this principle, and consequently[,] it has Instructional Goals which are to produce proficient students in Science[.]; <Can you list the goals below as 1, 2, 3, and 4? I am having difficulty locating them.

That has the knowledge, utilise and interpret the natural world’s scientific Interpretation. [TML7] Meaning that they have the extensive scientific experience, that can be established through reading lessons, to at least have a clue about the various science units such as the earth, plants and human sciences. The general scientific knowledge is the first step that each student is anticipated to have in this pilot curriculum.

Who can evaluate and generate scientific explanation and evidence? [This] can be achieved through the experiments that are set aside for the practical lessons. The main aim of the practical lessons is to give the students the feel of scientific tests aimed at getting scientific evidence. 

That can appropriate the development and nature of scientific knowledge and at the same time, participate proficiently in scientific discourse and practices. In other words, the curriculum is designed to ensure that the students enjoy science as a subject; of course, it is not for every student. But it will propel those interested in having enthusiasm about science. This is because students who [are] interest[ed] and passion[ate] in the subject have a better shot at being productive in scientific practices.[TML8] 

Goals: Fair 70-79% C 6.3 (3.5%)–7.18 (3.99%) points

Grammar: Fair 70-79% C 12.6 (7%)–14.38 (7.99%) points

You need to take the time to proofread your work for errors. You have grammatical errors throughout your document. I will not highlight all the errors in your paper. You need to take the time to proofread your work more.


Only sources cited in the body paragraphs can be listed in the references section. Hamilton, for instance, was not mentioned in your paper. Therefore, you cannot list this source in the References section.

School District of Philadelphia. 2018 July 23rd. Retrieved from

Curriculum Reform in the Nation’s Largest School Districts by Lisette Partelow & Sarah Shapiro. August 29th, 2018. Retrieved from

K-12 by Margaret Rouse. May 28th, 2019. Retrieved from

Forman, J., Gubbins, E. J., Villanueva, M., Massicotte, C., Callahan, C., & Tofel-Grehl, C. (2015). National Survey of STEM High Schools’ Curricular and Instructional Strategies and Practices. NCSSS Journal, 20(1), 8-19.

Hamilton, L. S., Stecher, B. M., & Yuan, K. (2017). Creating an Indicator of K-12 Classroom Coverage of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) Content and Practices. RAND Corporation.

[TML1]You have a lot of factual information here. Where did you get this information? Make sure that you cite your source and give credit to where credit is due.

[TML2]Use “who” when referring to people; use “that” when referring to things.

[TML3]There is no such thing as a 13th grade.

[TML4]I am having difficulty understanding some of the sentences in your paper. I suggest that you read your work aloud to recognize these errors. You should also take the time to proofread your work more. 

[TML5]A paragraph should have 3-5 sentences.

[TML6]Can you check if you copied the quote correctly? This is grammatically incorrect.

[TML7]You need to take the time to proofread your work for errors. You have grammatical errors throughout your document. I will not highlight all the errors in your paper. You need to take the time to proofread your work more.

[TML8]When you make a claim or assertion, you need to support this with in-text citation.