1,000 words. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, political identity in the Middle East underwent a number of dramatic evolutions. In your essay, describe the development of Palestinian nationalism during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries within the historical context of the Ottoman Empire and that of the Palestine Mandate. Your essay should be framed by a clear argument or thesis and address each of the following questions: What is nationalism? How does nationalism differ from earlier historical forms of political identity in the Ottoman world? How did the legal changes comprising the Tanzimat encourage the formation of new forms of identity within the Arabic-speaking lands of the Ottoman Empire? How did Zionist settlement impact expressions of Palestinian nationalism? What was the significance of World War I for the emergence of Palestinian nationalism? What were the different forms of Palestinian nationalism that emerged during the period of World War I and its aftermath? How did expressions of nationalist sentiment differ among elite and peasant populations? How were questions of gender central to nationalist projects? Your essay should draw upon readings by James Gelvin (220-237), Rashid Khalidi, Ilan Pappe, Sherene Seikaly, and various primary sources that might be used to support your argument . (I’ve uploaded images of the reading pages to be used as evidence).