MODULE 4 – Module 4: City Life, the Closing of the Frontier, and Late Nineteenth Century Agrarianism Objective: At the end of this module students will be able to: Define ghetto and settlement house. Jane Addams, Neighboring with the PoorAs a child, Jane Addams witnessed the harsh conditions faced by families living in poor neighborhoods of Chicago. As an adult, Addams co-founded a settlement house called Hull House that provided social, educational and artistic support to the community. Conceptualize how various immigrant groups addressed the issue of assimilation. Discuss Immigrant Aid Institutions. Immigrants Move to American CitiesNew immigrants to America flood cities where education is accessible to all children, not just the offspring of the rich. Narrate and diagram the growth of cities from 1860 through 1900. Define the “walking” city. Discuss the impact of the horse car line, steam ferry, and the electric trolleys Explain the workings of the “sweatshop.” Explain the challenges of city life. Describe the indigenous societies and nations of American Western frontier. Characterize Plains Culture Artist Charles Russell Paints Indians of the PlainsCowboy artist Charles Russell painted the Medicine Man and representatives of Indian culture with respect. Illustrate the impact of the destruction of the Bison. Explain the impact of White American migration on Plains culture (i.e. railroads, “Indian Wars,” and Frontier Towns). The Indian WarsNative Americans fight back throughout the 19th century, as the U.S. Army tries to contain them on smaller and smaller parcels of land. First Interactions: Western Settlers and American IndiansIn the early days of the American West, white settlers were dependent on Native Americans for knowledge of the rough frontier. Professor Maria Montoya of New York University explains that Indians were becoming equally dependent on whites. Artist Charles Russell Paints the Conquest of the WestCharles Russell, known as the “cowboy artist,” depicts the American frontiersman entering the West and the conquest of the American Indian. Summarize the last Indian wars; and critique the Battle of the Little Big Horn. Sitting Bull and the Fight for the Black HillsSitting Bull was chief of the Lakota Sioux. To defend their rights to the Black Hills, he led them in a fight against U.S. troops, which in 1876 culminated in the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Identify Indian Reservations from 1875 through 1900. The Indian WarsNative Americans fight back throughout the 19th century, as the U.S. Army tries to contain them on smaller and smaller parcels of land. Discuss Wounded Knee and the Ghost Dance (battle at Wounded Knee Creek, 1890). Sioux Mark 100th Anniversary of Wounded KneeOn the Pine Ridge reservation, the memory of the Wounded Knee Massacre is still raw. Discuss the way that agriculture developed in the post-Civil War period. Discuss the evolution of the Cattle Industry. Describe “wild west” in the American cultural imagination. Define the “dime novel.” Identify territorial areas and their function indicative of western economic development in the 1870s. The Homestead Act and Hard Times for FarmersThe Homestead Act is signed by Abraham Lincoln in 1862 as a way to encourage settlement of the American West. Define Comstock Lode. Discuss the legacy of the “Buffalo Soldiers.” Explain the character of the mining frontier (gold and silver rushes, mining camps and cities). The Mining BoomThe discovery of gold in California in 1848 leads to an unprecedented migration, as thousands of people travel west in the hopes of making it big. COMPLETE THE STEPS BELOW: 1. Required Reading: Give Me Liberty, Chapter 18, “The Progressive Era, 1900-1916.” 2. View the Video “The Tragedy of Wounded Knee (Ghost Dance)” link above. 3. Assignment: Prepare 5 page historical essay on “Wounded Knee and the Ghost Dance (battle at Wounded Knee Creek, 1890)”. 4. SUBMIT A DETAILED OUTLINE WITH YOUR HISTORICAL ESSAY. 5. Use the required kate l. turabian format to cite primary and secondary sources and bibliography.